Before Arizona voters head to their polling place in November, they will receive the Secretary of State’s publicity pamphlet that includes information about the statewide initiatives that will appear on the ballot. The booklet will also include arguments for and against ballot measures that were submitted by individuals, politicians, and groups who either paid $75 to have their comments in the pamphlet, or had their comments sponsored by an organization. Joining the dozens of filers that submitted arguments against the Clean Energy Healthy Arizona ballot, which would require Arizona utilities to use more renewable energy, are Andrew Clark, the state director for the Koch Brothers’ Americans For Prosperity Arizona chapter, and James Taylor of the Heartland Institute, a think tank that has been at the forefront of denying the scientific evidence for man-made climate change and routinely attacks clean energy.
Perhaps best known for its ill-conceived 2012 billboard campaign that compared those concerned about global warming with the Unabomber and Osama Bin Laden, the Heartland Institute also hosts conferences where attendees deny climate science, promote fossil fuels, and attack environmental regulations and renewable energy policies. Taylor, a senior fellow for Heartland, is also president of The Spark of Freedom Foundation, a pro-fracking and pro-nuclear organization.
Americans for Prosperity is the political advocacy group founded and funded by the billionaire brothers Charles and David Koch, the owners of Koch Industries. AFP works in sync with other organizations funded by the Kochs or allied with their interests to advocate against policies that would protect the environment and combat climate change. Together, Heartland and AFP state chapters and the national organization have specifically targeted the Clean Power Plan and state renewable energy standards. The Clean Energy Healthy Arizona ballot seeks to increase the state’s current renewable energy standard of 15% by 2025 to 50% by 2030 – so it is no surprise that Taylor and Clark have joined with Arizona Public Service in attacking the effort.
Voters will receive the voting booklets in early October; they can currently read an online version on the Secretary of State’s website.
APS’ Network of Politicians and Organizations Also Join Voter Pamphlet
In addition to the Heartland Institute and Americans for Prosperity figures, dozens of lawmakers and organizations also filed arguments against the initiative; many of them have received significant funding from APS throughout their career.
The fourteen Arizona state legislative and federal politicians that submitted arguments against the Clean Energy Healthy Arizona ballot have received a total of $166,918 in state and federal campaign contributions throughout their careers from the political action committee of Pinnacle West, the parent company of APS. Reps. Biggs, Gosar and Lesko have further collected a total of $54,650 in federal campaign contributions from APS individuals, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.
|U.S. Representative Paul Gosar||$57,850|
|U.S. Representative Debbie Lesko||$57,536|
|U.S. Representative Andy Biggs||$43,686|
|State Senator John Kavanagh||$9,972|
|State Senator Sylvia Allen||$9,054|
|State Senator Robert Meza||$8,182|
|State Senator Gail Griffin||$8,052|
|State Representative Vince Leach||$5,500|
|State Senator Judy Burges||$4,500|
|State Senator Rick Gray||$4,236|
|State Representative Jeff Weninger||$4,000|
|State Representative David Cook||$3,500|
|State Representative Cesar Chavez||$3,000|
|State Representative Travis Grantham||$2,500|
Source: Arizona Secretary of State Campaign Finance Database for state contributions; Center for Responsive Politics for federal contributions. Spreadsheet of contributions
Several of these lawmakers have recently worked to undermine Clean Energy Healthy Arizona this year.
Sen. Kavanagh sponsored a rival ballot initiative to compete with the Clean Energy for a Healthy Arizona ballot initiative, which critics called an effort to confuse voters. That effort did not make it out of the legislature. An APS spokeswoman said the utility had proposed the language.
Rep. Leach introduced legislation, which was signed by Governor Ducey, that will limit financial penalties for utilities who fail to meet renewable energy standards if voters decide to increase them in November. APS admitted it helped craft this legislation as well.
Rep. César Chávez and Sen. Robert Meza co-authored an op-ed against the ballot initiative earlier this year. Furthermore, Sen. Meza has received income from some non-profit organizations that have received funding or have board relationships with APS. Energy and Policy Institute reported in April that he had received pay from Chicanos Por La Causa, The Armory and PSA Behavioral Health Agency – all of which have ties to APS.
Others have helped APS in other ways throughout their careers. For example, in 2016, as a state senator, Debbie Lesko worked with APS to create a ballot measure to compete with a pro-solar ballot measure sponsored by former Arizona Corporation Commissioner Chairwoman Kris Mayes. Six years before that, Lesko tried to pass a bill that would have classified nuclear power as renewable – essentially gutting the state’s renewable energy standard.
Along with the politicians featured in the pamphlet, many of the organizations that submitted arguments against the initiative have a relationship with APS either as a recipient of the utility’s cash or by having an APS executive on the board.
|Arizona Cattle Feeders Association||$1,150,000 total, 2016-2017|
|Arizona Chamber of Commerce||$100,000 in 2016 from APS; Jessica Pacheco, vice president for state and local affairs for APS, is on the board|
|Arizona Free Enterprise Club||$50,000 in 2016 from APS|
|Arizona Hispanic Chamber of Commerce||$250,000 in 2015 from the APS Foundation; Miguel Bravo, co-vice of external activities for APS, is on the board|
|Arizona Republican Party||$255,500 total, 2016-2017|
|Arizona Tax Research Association||$19,167 total, 2016-2017|
|Black Chamber of Arizona||Eddie Davis, strategic initiatives coordinator for APS, is on the board|
|Chicanos Por La Causa||Ted Geisler, vice president and chief information officer at APS, is a member at large; APS has been a contributor of unknown amounts.|
|Greater Phoenix Urban League||APS is a listed sponsor|
Additionally, Kimberly Wold, executive director of Prosper, submitted an argument against the ballot. In 2013, APS admitted – after first denying – that it funneled money through a consulting firm to Prosper, which then funded ads to attack solar energy. APS spent $9 million on public relations efforts to fight rooftop solar during that year.
Many of the arguments in the pamphlet are sponsored by Arizonans for Affordable Electricity, which is the political action committee set up by APS to specifically fight the clean energy ballot. At the end of June 30, Pinnacle West had contributed a total of $7,536,300 to Arizonans for Affordable Electricity.